Dia Anti Tabako: Sigaria elektróniko, frontera nobo adikshon di nikotina

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31 di mei, 2019 ta Dia Internashonal Anti Tabako. Nos ta para ketu na e echo ku tabako i nikotina ta kousa hopi daño i morto prematuro. Tabako ta mata mas di 8 mion hende na mundu tur aña, inkluso 1,2 mion no-humadó ku ta inhalá huma i nikotina di otro hende. Tras di e sifranan aki tin hopi sufrimentu, tristesa den kasnan di famia, apsentismo na trabou i gastunan haltu di kuido médiko.

Mi ta kontentu ku algun aña pasá komo Miembro di Parlamento mi a introdusí un lei kontra humamentu den lugánan será ku e meta pa protehá e no-humadó. Por sierto un di e poko leinan aprobá unánimamente. E lucha no a kaba. Nos mester di mas regulashon manera etikèt obligatorio pa atvertí pa peliger di morto di produktonan di tabako i nikotina. Tambe mester introdusí edat mínimo pa kumpradó di e produktonan aki. Mi a laga legislashon atras pa edat mínimo i etikèt na 2016, pero te ainda no a tuma akshon.

Mas urgente ta regulá produktonan nobo ku ta introdusí nikotina den kurpa humano. Ta trata aki di ‘vaping’ (sigaria elektróniko). ‘Vaping’ no ta humamentu pues no e no ta den e lei pa protehá e no-humadó. Tampoko e tempu ei tabata tin sifranan definitivo kon malu ‘vaping’ di nikotina ta. Awe ta probá ku: nikotina sea via ‘vaping’ òf sigaria konvenshonal ta malu pa salú pasombra e ta kousa malesa króniko. Sigaria elektróniko ku ta kontené nikotina i sigaria konvenshonal ta mesun adiktivo. ‘Vaping’  ta keda merkadiá na hóbennan komo algu ‘super cool’ i esaki lo sòru pa hinter un generashon nobo bira adikto na nikotina. Rason sufisiente pa polítika, sektor di kuido i instanshanan pa prevení kanser bini huntu pa atendé ku e frontera nobo di adikshon na nikotina.

Willemstad, Kòrsou.

Despues ku anunsiá un referèndum lo traha lei di referèndum?

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Un partido polítiko Hulandes aña pasá a opiná ku Kòrsou mester por bira independiente sin konsultá pueblo. Tin grupo den nos komunidat ku ke un referèndum riba nos status estatal pasombra segun nan e refèndum di 2009 (den kua e opshon ‘si’ a gana) no tabata limpi. Polítikonan ta kulpa Hulanda pa e mal maneho di nos isla i ta bende e idea emoshonal ku Hulanda ta e enemigu i ku independensia ta nos salvashon. Di otro banda, den relativo silensio, algun ta traha pa Kòrsou bira un provinsia i/o un teritorio ultramar, UPG.

Ku tur e papiamentu tokante di kambio di struktura i referèndum, ta inkomprendibel ku tiki hende ta prekupá ku nos no tin lei di referèndum pa atendé ku esensia di e asuntu aki. Ken ta determiná ku lo tin referèndum? Gobièrnu, Parlamento òf un petishon di suidadanonan? E resultado di un referèndum lo ta un konseho òf un mandato? Kua ta e mínimo di voto bálido pa un referèndum ta legítimo? E porsentahe nesesario pa un kambio estatal mester ta 50% òf 66% òf 75%? E porsentahe ta kambia dependé e tema di referèndum? Ta laga hende di 16 aña tambe partisipá. Personanan sin nashonalidat Hulandes pero ku un kantidat di aña legalmente residensiá aki por partisipá?

Nos ‘track record’ ku asuntunan ku pa lei no ta bon reglá ta papia pa su mes. Nos a mira resientemente kon ta hasi maluso di falta di lei òf burakunan den lei pa burla di nos fundeshinan demokrátiko. E último kos ku nos mester ke ta un referèndum estilo parotin riba un asuntu asina importante manera kambio konstitushonal. E pregunta pues ta keda: Kiko nos ta warda pa bin ku un lei di referèndum? Despues ku anunsiá ku ta bin un referèndum?

Willemstad, Kòrsou

Bougainville, a new country in the making; Many more to follow

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Some have argued that cooperation and globalization will make separatist and independence movements around the world a thing of the past. This was the favorite argument of those who opposed independence for Curaçao leading up to the referendum of 2005. Nothing could be further from the truth however. These movements want to create separate states not to not cooperate with others and denounce globalization, but to join globalization on what they deem more favorable terms.

Today there are more than 100 such movements trying to either achieve more autonomy or separate statehood (independence). From the more manifest campaigns for independence of Catalonia (from Spain), Scotland (from United Kingdom), Chechnya (from Russia) to the lesser known such as Acheh (from Indonesia), Karakalpakstan (from Uzbekistan) and República de Santa Cruz (from Bolivia), people are trying to better safeguard their national interests and achieve goals within their international relations milieu with constitutional changes.

On 17 October, 2019 an independence referendum will be held in Bougainville which is an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea. Bougainville is a group of islands with an area of 9,300 km2 and population of 250,000. It’s geographically much closer to the Salomon Islands than Papua New Guinea (PNG) with which it feels it has little or no connection. That ‘s why Bougainville wants to be independent. See map. Relevant is a lingering question about whether the PNG government will agree to independence –even if the majority of Bougainvilleans vote for it. During my visit in 2017 to PNG, I’ve have concluded that most central government people I spoke to in Port Moresby were against independence, but in favor of more autonomy for Bougainville. We’ll be watching.

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One thing’s certain: the world is in a constant state of flux. No one my age expected expected the Soviet Union to split in 15 and Yugoslavia in 7 republics. Yes, we live in an era of cooperation, but be prepared that there will be more new countries -not less- around that will come together to form strategic alliances.

Willemstad, Curaçao

Euthanasia: are we ready for a reasonable conversation?

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The time has come to have a healthy and reasonable conversation about euthanasia, Greek for good death.

Most readers know dear ones who suffer(ed) from a painful and incurable illness. Three years ago I saw my younger sister struggle with excruciating pain caused by gastric cancer. Her physicians told me that there was no hope for improvement. I was usually able to fight back my tears until I left her room in the hospice but, felt desperately helpless not being able to help her (a big brother is supposed to take care of his younger siblings). I don’t deny thinking about euthanasia when I saw her laying hopeless on her bed, but couldn’t bring up the courage. Somehow I didn’t want to create the impression that I wanted her gone.

Back to my first statement. Euthanasia can be active or passive. In active euthanasia a person directly and deliberately causes the patient’s death. In passive euthanasia he doesn’t directly take the patient’s life, but allows him to die. There is also indirect euthanasia which means providing treatment (usually to reduce pain) with the side effect of speeding the patient’s death. Another variation is assisted euthanasia which involves the person who is going to die to ask for help (e.g. getting drugs) to terminate his life. Finally, euthanasia can be voluntary, occurring at the request of the person who dies or non-voluntary, when the person is unable to make a meaningful choice between living and dying, and an appropriate person takes the decision on his behalf.

I agree with euthanasia when its voluntary, assisted by physicians, based on solid medical evaluation and only when consent has been explicitly expressed.

Euthanasia is a ticklish topic in Curaçao and not regulated by law. Religious opponents usually believe that the right to die belongs to God but, their views are both varied and complicated. Since no religion is based on reason, a discussion on euthanasia based on religious grounds only are by definition not reasonable. A meaningful conversation on this matter needs participation of the wider public – and not just the long-standing religious opponents and advocates. It’s also good to realize that the tide of international reform regarding euthanasia will soon reach our shores. Will we be ready?

Willemstad, Curaçao

Apesar di karta i beheit, nada tokante status Kòrsou i Statia na reunion dekolonisashon UN

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Siman pasá e Komishon di Dekolonisashon di Nashonnan Uní a reuní na Grenada riba e falta di progreso di dekolonisashon pa ku e 17 teritorionan no-independiente* riba e lista di Nashonnan Uní (UN). Den 29 aña solamente un (1) a bira independiente, mientras ku un (1) teritorio a keda agregá na e lista, pues un resultado nèto di sero.

Ta remarkabel ku na Grenada, ni Kòrsou ni Statia tabata riba agènda. Esaki mientras ku resien algun grupo ku basta bochincha a manda karta pa UN i/o mester a bishitá e organisashon aki pa denunsiá Hulanda i nos kuadro konstitushonal.

E hendenan aki mester tuma bon nota i no keda riba e kaminda robes manera mi a atvertí basá riba mi eksperiensia trahando pa UN (https://alexdavidrosaria.blog/2018/02/07/st-eustatius-barking-up-the-wrong-tree/).  Mester realisá ku Statia ku aktualmente ta bou di kuratela, su situashon ta unu netamente interno di Ulanda i no tin ke ber ku UN. Statia a firma pa bira munisipio (speshal) Hulandes. Ademas, Staia ta bou di kuratela pa motibu di maneho desastroso di su asuntunan públiko.

Esnan ku ta boga pa sali for di Reino, mester kòrda ku ni Hulanda ni UN por impedí Kòrsou bira independiente. Tampoko bo mester ta riba e lista di dekolonisashon pa bira independiente. E paisnan ku a bira independiente mas resien, South Sudan (2011) i Kosovo (2008) nunka tabata riba e lista. Pa kambia nos status, mester kombensé un mayoria di pueblo. I bo ta hasi esaki ku gobernante i gobernashon na drechi i na serio ku por pone e pais aki para stabil riba su pianan. Mi tin miedu ku un grupo ke independensia no pasombra esaki ta un ideal noble, pero pa nan (sigi) hasi i deshasí. P’esei mester bin lihé ku un lei di rèferèndum (https://alexdavidrosaria.blog/2018/11/19/referendum-yes-but-not-without-a-referendum-law/). Independensia manera ami i otronan a soña na 2005, ta mes leu ku nunka.

Willemstad, Curaçao

 

 

*American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland, French Polynesia, Gibraltar, Guam, Montserrat, New Caledonia, Pitcairn, Saint Helena, Tokelau, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands and Western Sahara.

Bende palasio di Gobernadó: mei 1949

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Promé ku Partido Demokrat (DP) a lanta na 1944, dr. Moises da Costa Gomez (Dòktor) ku su partido, Curaçaosche Rooms Katholieke Partij (CRKP), a gana e promé dos elekshonnan (1937 i 1941). Despues ku DP a surgi, e posishon konfortabel di Dòktor a kaba. DP tabata organisá enkuentronan polítiko elektrisante ku müzik i bebida lokual tabata atraé e masa. Mi tio grandi, John Martis, tabata hür ekipo di zonido i bende limonada, malta i serbes pa e Krachinan. Dòktor di otro banda tabata obligá di sigi reglanan di Iglesia Katóliko i mayoria biaha mester a tene su enkuentronan den kurá di misa, sin müzik, sin bebida stèrki.

DP tambe tabata ‘score’ ku su revista Democraat fulminando kontra di establesimentu i prinsipalmente e korant katóliko Amigoe di Curaçao ku nan tabata akusá di ‘fake news’. Na 1946 e revista a kousa konsternashon dor di pone un ‘vakatura’ pa “un Sukarno pa Kòrsou”. Sukarno a hiba Indonesia na independensia i tabata outokrátiko, nombrá presidente pa bida largu te na momentu ku un golpi di estado a bah’é. Hefe di redakshon di Democraat a keda interogá pa Kuerpo di Polis. Despues DP a nuansá: “Weest gerust. Soekarno’s komen niet af op advertenties. Soekarno’s spruiten voort door omstandigheden. Wij hopen van harte dat de omstandigheden [hier] nooit van dien aard zullen zijn dat zij een Soekarno voortbrengen.” (De West, 18/4/1946).

Despues di algun aña, Democraat a bolbe shòk nos isla ku un otro anunsio. Den su edishon di mei 1949, Democraat a saka un aviso ku ta bisa ku e palasio di Gobernadó ta na benta. Opviamente DP indirektamente ta bisa ku mester eliminá e posishon di Gobernadó i bende su palasio. Pa pone esaki den konteksto, nos mester kòrda ku for di e promé Konferensia di Mesa Rondó na 1948 e posishon di Gobernadó den nos konstelashon tabata un batata kayente ku a pone DP bandoná sala di RTC i despues bai keha serka un organisashon multilateral. Dòktor sinembargo semper a insistí pa resolvé e disputa ku Hulanda via negosashon.

Na mart 1949, Dòktor su partido nobo, Partido Nashonal di Pueblo (PNP) ta gana elekshon. Na 1954, DP ta pèrdè elekshon pero ta laga e ganadó, PNP, afó i ta forma koalishon ku e otro islanan. Riba 15 desèmber e aña ei mes, e titular di DP, Efraim Jonckheer, ta firma Statüt ku e provishonnan pa Gobernadó manera e arkitekto Dòktor a akordá.

San Diego, California (USA)

Fake news: not the fault of internet, but narrow mindedness, hypocrisy

 

 

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If you thought that fake news can be brushed off as a mere nuisance, please think again. On April 14, 2014, the terrorist organization Boko Haram kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls from Chibok, Nigeria. Around the world, the crime became epitomized by the #BringBackOurGirls, yet in Nigeria, government officials called it fake. Even after Boko Haram had returned some of these girls (see photo, CNN.com), some still believed it was a hoax. At the end, this fake news delayed efforts to rescue the Chibok girls and may have even led to the tragic demise of some of them.

Fake news is dangerous and deadly. No wonder some countries are passing laws to fine those who circulate false information leading to “mass violation of public order”. Whilst this is an interesting development, too little attention has been given to the crux of the matter: why are some people so vulnerable to fake news?

A recent study in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition may shed some light. Evidence is provided that delusion-prone individuals, narrow-minded individuals, and religious fundamentalists are more likely to believe fake news. The study suggests that the inability of people to detect false information is related to a failure to be actively open-minded and trusting. Interestingly, new research has shown that people who are accustomed to being lied to by people with political or religious authority, were especially prone to believing fake news.

So what does this mean for countries, including Curaçao, looking into ways to curb fake news? As I see it, the problem is the lack of trust. This is especially tue in Curaçao where statistics, scientific data, impartial Courts and hard evidence are put aside and the loudest shouters in the media and those with tons of followers on social media are considered heroes. Instead of asking tougher questions about the information received, these fake news believers take it at face value and spread it around as long as that piece of information mirrors their narrow-minded worldview. We are living in a “message forwarding culture” that creates more harm than good.

Fake news thrive on the internet and social media, but that’s certainly not where they were born. This year, the 25th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide, must be a reminder of how, not social media, but a radio station, Radio Libre de Milles Colines, fed the deep mistrust between the Hutu’s and Tutsi’s with incessant hateful disinformation leading to the slaughter of 800,000 people.

In Curaçao fake news is a daily occurrence that destroys private lives and impedes our ability to govern the island. Curiously, policy makers are either very concerned or nonchalant about fake news depending whether they are on the side of those being hurt or helped. Laws and regulations of the internet alone will not fix this problem. Tackling the lack of trust and overcoming hypocrisy, will.

Phoenix, Arizona (USA)