E wega di kompra i benta di voto: historia di volmacht

28466209-1E57-450D-A3D1-38DCB5A0B921

“Volmacht” ta un konsepto ku nos a kopia di Hulanda. E ta hasi posibel pa un hende ku derechi di voto ku no por ta presente pa vota riba dia di elekshon, pidi un otro persona ku tambe tin derechi di voto, vota p’e. Tur dos mester firma e dokumento, volmacht. E volmacht ta un solushon pa e persona ku ta den eksterior òf inkapasitá dia di elekshon.

Volmacht a keda usá promé biaha den elekshon di Staten di 17 novèmber 1941. Pa haña un volmacht bo mester por a proba ku ora di elekshon bo no ta riba bo isla kaminda bo ta vota i ku bo ta ousente pa no mas ku 6 dia. Den e promé añanan e kondishonnan pa un volmacht tabata transparente i stràk, ademas kada petishon pa un volmacht tabata keda investigá profundamente pa Registro Sivíl.

Gradualmente partidonan a trese kambionan ku a hasi hinter e sistema di volmacht un gol hanchu habrí pa tur tipo di kos robes. Por a pidi pa un volmacht pa motibu di malesa ku mester a keda firmá un luna promé ku elekshon. Segun sifranan di Kranshi, 6 mil hende na Kòrsou (10% di elektorado) tabata “sa” di antemano ku nan lo ta malu riba fecha di elekshon (19 mei 1967) i a pidi un volmacht. Boneiru a konosé un elekshon kaminda e kantidat di volmacht tabata 15% di e elektorado! E korant Algemeen Handelsblad di 19 yanüari 1967 a raportá ku na Aruba tabatin algun shen deklarashon di malesa ku tabata firmá pa e mesun médiko. Asta yunan di tera bibá na Hulanda pa hopi aña tabata risibí volmacht pa nan vota (mientras nan no ta parti di elektorado) segun Kontakto Antiyano, un plataforma pa yunan di tera na Hulanda.

Partidonan na mando semper a probechá mas di volmacht ya ku tabatin mas kos di parti (onderstànt, kas i trabou den aparato públiko) pues mas posibilidat pa kumpra voto. Na komienso di e sistema di volmacht, normalmente ta e kasá òf famia serkano di esun ousente na momentu di elekshon tabata keda apoderá. Na dado momento no tabatin ni mester di un deklarashon di un médiko mas den kaso di malesa. Aktivistanan di partido a probechá i tabata kumpra volmacht pa bai dilanti. Na 1967 tabatin 6031 volmacht di kua 3788 di aktivistanan di DP i 2074 di esnan di NVP. Pues solamente 169 di volmacht no tabata pertenesé na un partido. Korant Amigoe di 14 aprel 1971 ta raportá benta di volmacht na marinirnan Hulandes pa “Naf 5,- i un kaha di chukulati”.

E dos partidonan tradishonal semper a akusá e otro di ta mas korupto, pero tur dos a probechá ku eksepshon di Union Reformista Antiyano (URA), un grupo idealista i korekto ku poko despues a desaparesé. E preshon tòg na un momento dado a bira di tal forma ku Konseho Insular (KI) den un reunion tumultoso den febrüari 1967 a eliminá volmacht. Miembronan ku a vota pa kita volmacht mester a tende un la di zundrá serka nan hefe i spònsernan. Na mart 1967 e mesun KI ta reestablesé volmacht.

E fiesta di volmacht a sigi te na 1977 na momentu ku Staten ta kita e posibilidat di volmacht pero ta laga na keda teritorio pa kit’é òf no. A dura te 1982 pa nos isla eliminá volmacht definitivamente. Ku esaki benta i kompra di voto den su bachi bieu a pasa pa olvido i a kontinuá den otro forma modèrnu.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

Insidente Kòrsou i barku Ruso den nos awanan: 1982

ABDA7867-032A-4F20-BC76-0902401B5105

Na momentu ku un barku di peska Ruso mester a bandoná nos haf na komienso di desèmber 1982, ningun hende a premirá un insidente internashonal.

Barkunan di peska Ruso ku ta piska den awanan internashonal pafó di Sur Amérika, tin kustumber di bin Kòrsou pa bùnker. Esaki tabata e kaso e biaha ei tambe. Na momentu ku e barku ku tabata mará na waf di KNSM kier a bandoná nos haf, a manda lots de J. pa gui’é. Poko despues ku de J. a subi e barku sinembargo, e a mèldu kantor ku e no ta hasi e trabou ya ku “hinter e tripulashon ta pata pata”.

Outoridatnan portuario a disidí di manda un otro lots (M.) kende tampoko a haña responsabel pa saka e barku. E kapitan Ruso i outoridatnan lokal a kuminsá pèrdè pasenshi. A disidí pa manda lots K.S., un di e mihónan ku Kòrsou a konosé, ku ta logra saka e barku sin insidente. 

Problema ta surgi sinembargo ora K.S. no tin fin di bandoná e barku Ruso i baha den e boto di lots ku tabata ward’é pa regresá Punda. E barku Ruso ku destinashon Panamá a keda nabegá i e kapitan di e boto di lots ta bai tera i bati alarma ku e Rusonan lo a sekuestrá K.S.. Mientras tantu Kantor di Haf ta informá Gezaghebber Cassares kende na su turno ta papia ku outoridatnan di Gobièrnu Sentral i ta manda tres boto kargá ku polis armá ku karabina pa buska e lots. Kòrda, na 1982 mundu tabata tenso debí na guera friu.

Ora  polis a yega e barku ku ya tabata basta leu for di haf, a nota K.S. totalmente bou di su awa riba e barku. Aparentemente e a disidí di djòin e tripulashon den dalmentu di vodka i a lubidá di desembarká. Ademas, e no tabata kapas pa baha e trapi di kabuya. E úniko solushon tabata pa mara K.S. na un kabuya i ‘fir’é’ den un di e botonan kaminda polis a fang’é.

Gezaghebber despues di a papia ku esnan envolví ta primintí un investigashon ’profundo’. Haf sinembargo no a konsiderá e kaso un ‘big deal’ bisando: “No ta nada straño, ku un loods ta dal bitter, ora e guia un barcu. Bo mester corda ku e hendenan aki ta guynan di laman. E olanan ta pone cu nan ta haña gana di dal un drinks “ (Nobo, 4 desèmber 1982). 

Willemstad, Kòrsou

The new religion: conspiracy theories

DFF7F3C4-864E-4439-B1C6-EC7206E3F218

Conspiracy theories. We’ve seen them on social media or had someone convince us to believe them at face value. They come in all flavors. The moon landing was faked, yet somehow all the Russian and non-American astrophysicists weren’t able to pick up on this scam. The earth is flat even though we’ve known since at least Aristotle that it’s round. Beneath the Denver International Airport there’s a colony of flesh-eating human lizards determined to enslave the human race. And, if you look very carefully, these reptile humanoids like Madonna, Barack Obama, Angelina Jolie, involuntarily shapeshift from human to reptile to human again. Conspiracy theorists now claim that 5G transmits the coronavirus.

Why would anyone believe these stories? A recent study in the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition sheds some light. Evidence is provided that delusion-prone, narrow-minded individuals and religious fundamentalists are more likely to believe conspiracy theories (CT) as long as these theories mirror their particular worldview. If you were brought up in an environment that loathes the Western World, it is easier to believe the CT that AIDS was created in the US and Europe to kill black and brown people. This is why a CT believer doesn’t believe all theories out there, he’s selective.

CTs aim to calm the human fear of the unknown and come up with non-scientific reasoning of what seems to be unexplainable. These theories were never meant to find the truth, but to give us a temporary sense of relief from the distress in our lives. A brutal dictator may want to promote the theory that the abject poverty in his country is not due to his own mismanagement, but a result of blood-drinking human reptiles.

Proponents of these theories want to control the behaviors of their victims and push their own political or ideological agendas. CTs can wreak havoc on society. We’ve seen that with the destruction of 5G antennas, a surge in measles, the recent Pittsburg synagogue massacre, killing of albino children in some parts of Africa and many more.

CTs are not unlike religions. In ancients times, people invented a god to explain things people didn’t understand. Different societies, each with a different set of experiences and explanations had different god(s). They were never interested in the scientific truth. We’re seeing the same thing happening as conspiracy theories permeate in larger sections of societies. CTs are taking on the role of religion and they are feeding fundamentalist beliefs.

Like religions, CTs don’t just emerge in a vacuum. They aim to simplify things and provide believers with a sense of reassurance in a fast changing world. We should avoid belittling them but at the same time we can’t afford to ignore CTs. They have become too mainstream now. What can truth seekers do? Confront all believers with factual evidence (fact checking). But caution, it may not work, especially when dealing with fanatics who blindly believe what they want to believe.

Willemstad, Curaçao

Baha salarionan astronómiko; e lei a pasa na 2016

28466209-1E57-450D-A3D1-38DCB5A0B921

Hopi hende ta gosa ku Aruba a kòrta gastu den e ámbito públiko i ta lamentá ku aki nos no a hasié. Ta lamentabel, sigur si nos realisá ku tin un lei kla pa atendé ku empreasan ligá ku e sektor públiko. For di 2016 e ta kla, pero no a publik’é. E lei no a drenta na vigor.

Ta trata di e lei Optimalisatie Overheidsgelieerde Entiteiten ku entre otro ta baha e salario di e personal na e instansianan menshoná. Apesar di preshon polítiko i wèlga general, e lei a pasa Staten na ougùstùs 2016, djis promé ku elekshon.

E lei a keda introdusí pa motibu di prekupashon grandi pa e peso riba nos finansa públiko. Su metanan ta drecha kalidat di servisio, baha salario i e kostonan haltu di operashon i minimalisá e riesgo pa finansa públiko: 

✔️Algemene regels bij het plaatsen van opdrachten waarbij marktwerking en transparantie worden bevorderd;

✔️normen voor specifieke kostenposten (uit efficiëntie en om misbruik te verkomen);

✔️richtlijnen voor de personeelskosten (formatierapporten en variant Balkenendenorm);

✔️rendementseisen en dividendbeleid;

✔️handhavend toezicht vanuit de overheid.

Despues di 3 aña e lei ta ketu bai den lachi. Fòrti a laga sa -apesar di (menasa di) “aanwijzing”- ku mester ahustá algun punto. Te leu ku mi sa, no a bisa kua ta e ahustenan nesesario i dikon nan ta asina grave pa laga un lei drumi 3 aña largu.

Fòrti mester bai Staten awor i disidí ku ta ehekutá  e puntonan ku no tin nesesidat pa keda adaptá den e lei ya menshoná. Antó e puntonan ku mester di ahuste, ta warda te ora bin un teksto nobo. Mester buska un manera rápido pa por lo ménos atendé ku e salarionan astronómiko den empresanan ligá ku e sektor públiko. Kisas tin un otro kaminda pa kana, pero nos mester aktua rápido i asumí nos responsabilidat komo pais outónomo.

Covid 19 diariamente ta pone un spil nos dilanti i ta demostrá ku ketu bai nos ke sigui biba riba nos forsa, stèns riba Hulanda pa plaka i no tuma e medidanan ku nos sa ku ta nesesario.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

Revisá e Pakete di Alivio

EF24FC74-AC48-40C3-B980-0429E89B4203

Ta opvio ku kos a bai robes ku e pakete di reskate ekonómiko. Tin asta un kaso den Korte den preparashon. Ta di lamentá ku a yega asina leu, pero no ta lat pa drecha e fayonan. 

Dos siman pasá mi a bisa (https://alexdavidrosaria.blog/2020/04/09/curacao-needs-to-cushion-covid-19-pain-but-without-real-changes-well-be-back-to-square-one/) ku nos ekonomia ku ta den koma pa motibu di e pandemia covid 19, mester di sosten pa keda na bida. Hende sin entrada no por sobrebibí i negoshi (chikí) mester di kèsh pa mantené trahadónan, paga kuentanan i no bai fayit. Tambe mester invertí den salubridat públiko, sigur salú mental den e tempu aki di trouma.

Mi a atvertí sinembargo ku tur proyekto, ounke kon bon intenshoná, ta faya si no definí koutelosamente esnan ku tin mas nesesidat pa haña sosten (“targetting”). Esaki ta klaramente e kaso serka nos. Falta di dato i kòntròl ta pone ku hopi empresa ta inskribí den un sektor, mientras e ta hasi negoshi den un otro sektor. Tampoko tin kriterio definí ken ta bin na remarke pa sosten. Sierto negoshi a tende ku ounke nan no ta riba e lista nan por apliká tòg i “argumentá” pa asistensia kreando “willekeur”, “vriendjespolitiek” i kaos. Echo ta, sin “targetting” skèrpi, fondonan lo keda mal-aloká i lo no yega esnan mas vulnerabel. 

Mi di dos punto tabata e aspekto di ehekushon. E proseso pa apliká pa sosten no ta kana bon. No solamente pasombra tin hopi aplikashon (ku por a spera), pero pa motibu ku Fòrti ta insistí pa laga un aparato ku tin hopi tempu kaba ta chambuká, ehekutá e proyekto aki sin sufisiente ekspertisio i “benchmarks”.

No a yuda ku Hulanda su asistensia tabata ménos ku lokual Fòrti a spera. Tampoko ta yuda ku di e asistensia total di Naf 177, solamente Naf 42 mion ta pa sektor privá i  Naf f 135 mion pa sektor públiko. I, te ainda no a determiná  kon ta kòrta den e aparato i empresanan ligá ku e sektor públiko.

E proyekto di reskate por resultá un pesadia pasombra su formulashon i ehekushon ta laga di deseá. Sinembargo no por “afford” pa lag’e frakasá. E preis ta muchu haltu. Nos por remediá kosnan ku a bai robes dor di reformulá algun aspekto (ehekushon pober, falta di kritero, “benchmarks” i “targetting”) inkluí representantenan di sektor privá den e komishon.

Willemstad, Curaçao

 

Covid 19, the latest message from Mother Earth

DF092CFD-E77D-41A6-B792-9DAED1FF6A83

Mother Earth has been sending clear messages about climate change, man-made disasters such as deforestation, land-use change, intensified agriculture and livestock, pollution which destroy our planet and ecosystems at an alarming rate. Among others: the Australian fires, heat records, the worst locust plague and covid 19.

The planet’s ecosystems, human beings and all living species are scientifically proven to be interconnected. According to the UN, 75% of all new infection diseases that emerges in humans come from animals. A direct result of wildlife trade (bush meat), the way we treat livestock animals and poultry. The science is undeniable. The thing about science is that it is true whether or not you believe it.

Yet climate change deniers keep undermining public trust in climate science. I don’t want to paint with a broad brush, but ignorant politicians and project developers here have made it a hobby to make fun of environmentalists. Others use the Parliament as a platform to suggest we should shred the Island Development and Land-use Law (EOP).   

The UN has designated 22nd April as International Mother Earth Day and urges a call to action not only to governments but also you and me. Let’s respect nature and all living species. Let’s cut our meat intake and think about vegetarianism. Let’s petition to prohibit bush meat. Let’s reduce overconsumption and embrace minimalism. Let’s recycle, reuse and minimize waste. Let’s tell politicians to take this matter seriously. Let’s donate to serious environmental organizations. 

Let’s use this covid 19 pandemic to turn the corner. During the last two decades we have seen that the gaps between worldwide pandemics (SARS, Mumps, Swineflu, Mers, Zika) are getting shorter and deadlier. We cannot afford not to answer this wake-up call.

Willemstad, Curaçao

#coronavirus, #earthday2020, #savetheplanet

China prepares to humiliate the Dalai Lama and Tibetan Buddhists

19C7539F-F071-488B-8A1A-E115A3078430

As the tour agent in Kathmandu (Nepal) gave me my Tibet Entry Permit, he cautioned: “the surest way to get into a Chinese prison is to talk about the Dalai Lama 14th or have his picture on you in Tibet. China hates him”. Sure enough, from the moment I had landed in Tibet’s capital, Lhasa, I saw Chinese soldiers and checkpoints everywhere. I was overwhelmed by a pervading sense of intimidation and fear that’s difficult to put into words. Tibet has been occupied by China since 1950. For Tibetan Buddhists, the Dalai Lama is their spiritual leader.

Tibet has maintained a distinct religion and political system, a unique culture, written and spoken language for centuries. In 1950, the Chinese regime invaded Tibet, which has many natural resources and a strategically important border with India. During the 1959 uprising against Chinese occupation, the Dalai Lama 14th feared for his life and fled to India where he currently lives as a refugee. According to the Chinese government, the Dalai Lama 14th has a “face of a man and the heart of a beast who wants to destroy China”.

China has done its utmost to destroy Tibet. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) more than 97 percent of monasteries in Tibet were destroyed and the Tibetan language, dress, customs and habits were considered backward, filthy, and useless.

This year the Dalai Lama 14th is turning 85. The Chinese are preparing perhaps the most despicable act yet against the soul of the Tibetan people. We should know first that the position of the Dalai Lama dates back to 1391. The Dalai Lama is found rather than chosen. The successor to the Dalai Lama is traditionally located by senior monastic disciples based on spiritual signs and visions. However, China has made clear its intention to appoint its own candidate as the Dalai Lama 15th when the Dalai Lama 14th dies. China clearly feels it can interfere in the affairs of Tibetan Buddhism and disregard 600-year-old traditions. It’s like having the Amazonian Yanomami people decide who becomes the next Catholic Pope.

In April 2019, a US Senator warned that Congress would not recognize a Dalai Lama chosen by the Chinese communist party.

There are times when certain events make us understand how much of this world is evil. What China intends to do is however beyond belief. The institution of the Dalai Lama doesn’t belong to the Chinese communists, but rather to the Tibetan people.

Willemstad, Curaçao

 

#dalailama #tibet

Coronavirus tin hopi paresido ku malesa “kabouter” ku 100 aña pasá a mata 142 hende

cropped-cropped-alexrosariaj

Mi a haña hopi reakshon riba mi artíkulo* tokante e malesa konosí riba e Islanan ABC komo Kabouter pero ku den literatura yama Grip Spañó i mundialmente a mata  entre 17 – 50 mion hende. Tin a insistí ku ta míles di morto a kai aki. Esaki no ta kuadra. Ta difísil sinembargo pa duna sifra eksakto di mortonan na Kòrsou pasombra e tempu ei no tabatin obligashon pa informá ora un persona fayesé.

“Het begrip sterftecijfers moet met grano cum salis worden opgevat aangezien geen verplichte aangifte van overlijden bestaat”, segun Direktor di Servisio di Salubridat, dr. Nathaniel Waterman den su rapòrt De Geneeskundige Organisatie in de Kolonie Curaçao, 23 òktober 1919.

Esaki ta pone ku sifranan di morto -sigur esnan den kunuku- mester keda tumá ku (hopi) grano di salu. Segun informashonnan ofishal, di òktober pa novèmber 1918 un total di 100 hende a muri den nos suidat kapital. E kantidat di morto na Santa Rosa tabata 14, na Santa Maria, 22, i Barber 6 pa un total pa Kòrsou di 142 morto. Poblashon di Kòrsou na 1918 a bai atras ku 251 hende kompará ku 1917 pasombra sifranan di mortalidat a subi konsiderablemente. Poblashon di tur e seis islanan huntu na 1918 a bai atras ku 424 hende. E dokumento for di kua mi ta sita, Koloniaal Verslag 1919, no ta indiká kuantu di e redukshon tabata debí na Kabouter. Sinembargo e relato di 1918 di minister di Kolonia, Simon De Graaff, ta indiká ku Aruba a konosé 31 morto i Boneiru 37 pa motibu di Kabouter.

Durante e lunanan di òktober i novèmber vários negoshi mester a sera i dor di malesa un kantidat di hende no por a traha. Skolnan tabata será ounke ku misanan si a keda habrí. E Ondersteuningsfonds Nederlandse Antillen a hasi donashon di pakete di kuminda (prinsipalmente den kunuku). A sostené kabesantenan di famia ku no por a traha debí na Kabouter. Tambe a lanta un komishon ku tabata buska finansiamentu lokal pa asina kumpra remedi (riba indikashon médiko) pa esnan malu ku no tabatin moda.

Mester remarká ku Kabouter a hasi su entrada na mundu i na Kòrsou nèt na final di Promé Guera Mundial (WWl). Pues hinter mundu tabata mal prepará pa atendé ku e malesa. Pa motibu di WWl, kantidatnan grandi di fòsfat aki na Sta. Barbara no por a keda eksportá i otro aktividatnan ekonómiko manera flègtumentu di sombré tambe a sufri. Tabatin poko aktividat den haf i pobresa tabata mas agudo ku nunka. Nos suèrte tabata ku na fin di 1918 mas awaseru ku normal a kai lokual a kodusí na kosechanan grandi.

E último siman di novèmber 1918 ya tabatin indikashon fuerte ku e epidemia tabata den su último fase. E mesun métodonan di awe ta usa ku covid 19 un siglo pasá tambe tabatin éksito, esta distansia físiko, higiena personal i keda kas si bo ta malu. Amigoe den su edishon di 30 novèmber 1918 ta skibi:

“Met genoegen hebben wij deze week kunnen constateeren, dat de menigte op straat gelijk was als vroeger. De drukkere bezochte scholen, de weinige overdag gesloten huizen zijn het sprekendst bewijs, dat, zooals Dr. Waterman reeds liet weten, de ziekte tot stilstand is gekomen”.

A pidi koutela pa no mester bin un di dos buèlta di e malesa. Poko despues e mesun korant a raportá ku 250 trahadó di e mina di Santa Barbara tabatin loke ta parse simtomá di Kabouter. Dor ku mi no a mira mas menshon di e kaso aki, mi ta suponé ku no tabata trata di algu grave.

Algun mil hende infektá ku Kabouter a keda tratá na St. Elisabeth’s Gasthuis, hospital militar i den distritonan pafó di suidat. Na Westpunt so tabatin mas ku 100 hende malu, pero tur a sobrebibí. Tur esnan den kuido a hasi un gran trabou i a evitá lo peor manera den otro paisnan.

Notabel ta ku mester a hasi hopi esfuerso pa hendenan no a bai tras di kuentanan ku sierto remedi i produktonan kasero (prinsipalmente den kunuku) ku den sierto kasonan a kondusí na venenamentu di e pashènt i morto. Mundialemnte hopi hende a muri pasombra dòkternan a duna pashèntnan di grip Spañó un remedi kontra malaria ku yama quinine ounke ku no tabatin prueba ku e ta yuda.

Manera mi a bisa, e kara kontra di e malesa Kabouter tabata dr. Nathaniel Waterman. Banda di médiko (onkólogo) e tabata un pintor, konosedó di literatura mundial i músiko. E tabata hopi kerí aki. Korto despues ku Kabouter a desaparesé for di nos pais, e ta bai bèk Ulanda. Durante di Dos Guera Mundial e ta keda kapturá na Hulanda pa agentenan Nazi i mandá Kamp Westerbork. Dr. Waterman, un hudiu, a keda Kamp Westerbork te 1945 ora e a keda liberá.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

 

*https://alexdavidrosaria.blog/2020/04/12/awe-ta-coranavirus-pero-100-pasa-e-infekshon-kabouter-a-mata-hopi-hende-aki/

Awe ta coranavirus, pero 100 aña pasá e infekshon “kabouter” a mata hopi hende aki

EF24FC74-AC48-40C3-B980-0429E89B4203

Promé ku coronavirus tabatin e grip Spañó (1918 – 1920), tambe un infekshon respiratorio ku a infektá 500 mion hende i globalmente a mata entre 17 pa 50 mion. E grip Spañó ku aki na Kòrsou tabata konosí komo “kabouter” a hasi hopi daño humano inkluso a kousa desena di morto.

Dikon e grip a haña e nòmber “kabouter”? Rònt di e temporada ku e grip Spañó a yega Kòrsou for di Hulanda, un makaku bistí ku un kamisa koló kòrá a logra hui for di un barku Venezolano na Punda. Pa un rason òf otro, búskeda di e makaku a bira hinter un “happening” riba nos isla. Dor di estatura di e makaku i su bistí kòrá, e a keda kompará ku un kabouter. Tur hende tabata buska e kabouter i tur hende a bisa di a mir’é. Despues di algun dia a haña e makaku na pia di Seru Pretu (Amigoe, desèmber 1918). Asina e malesa a keda yamá kabouter. No ta inusual ku nos ta duna grip nòmber di algu ku ta na moda òf a hasi impakto.

Pa bin bèk na e malesa, mas di 1,000 hende a keda infektá na Kòrsou. Segun un relato na okashon di selebrashon di 75 aña di eksistensia di Sint Elisabeth’s Gasthuis, tur kamber di e hospital tabata yená ku dos biaha e kantidat normal di kama, tabatin kama den “gang” i asta mester a pone pashènt riba suela pa falta di espasio i kama. Den un periodo kòrtiku 18 enfermera a keda infektá di kua algun (no a menshoná e kantidat) a muri.

E periodo ku mas infekshon i morto tabata di komienso òktober 1918 pa medio-novèmber 1918. Den ménos ku dos siman un kantidat di 40 hende a muri. Sigun Sint Elisabeth’s Gasthuis, e kantidat di morto den e periodo aki riba nos isla a tripliká. Medio-novèmber 1918 e kantidat di morto a kuminsá baha konsiderablemente.

Trahadónan den e sektor di salubridat di Kòrsou (médiko, enfermero, botikario) a hasi un trabou inkreibel pa limitá e daño humano. E “streya” sin duda tabata dr. Waterman, e promé direktor di e servisio “georganiseerde geneeskundigen en bacteriologischen dienst” pa su manera profeshonal di atendé ku e pandemia.

Ekonomia di nos pais a haña hopi sla, prinsipalmente pasombra konekshon marítimo ku Hulanda a keda afektá. Pero un konekshon nobo entre Kòrsou i New York a sòru pa un alivio. Skolnan tabata será pa hopi siman i despues di 5 atardi kasi no tabata mira hende riba kaya segun Korantnan lokal.  Riba petishon di Gobernadó Nuyens e “fondo di sosten Antia Hulandes” a sòru pa sosten finansiero pa kabesantenan di famia ku no por a sòru mas pa nan famia.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

 

#coronavirus, #curacao, #IStayHome

Referensia: Archivo Nashonal, Koninklijke Bibliotheek

Curaçao needs to cushion COVID-19 pain but, without real changes we’ll be back to square one

cropped-cropped-alexrosariaj

The nasty falling out among the members of the Boards of financial supervision (CFT) regarding Curaçao’s request for financial assistance boils down to one question. Will we regret not sticking to our previous commitments which according to the chairman of the CFT are carved in stone, or will we regret the death of many people and companies? It’s pretty obvious what the worst-case scenario is. We’re dealing with pandemic economics not ordinary economics.

People need money, or they will die. Companies need cash, or they’ll go bankrupt. If we don’t invest in health security policies, including mental health, we’ll soon realize that many social issues we’re dealing with will linger long after this pandemic is over. The new rules of pandemic economics are meant to keep us afloat during a few months, not years. Having established that, let’s turn to the merits of the plans that have recently been presented by the Government of Curaçao (GoC).

What will make or break any stimulus (aid) package is how well we target those who are the most vulnerable. If not, funds can be misallocated, or lost through corruption and all kind of technical bureaucracy. The GoC’s emergency fund needs a clearly defined role otherwise thousands of people who most urgently need it, risk being excluded. We need relevant data (which at best are mediocre), we need transparency, efficient execution, and quantifiable benchmarks. This may be a hard task -far harder than writing a cheque, but it’s the surest way to target the needy. Additionally,  it’s very important that Parliament creates a temporary committee (assisted by external experts) with the authority to oversee the execution of the stimulus package.

I strongly advise against government(entities) and civil servants that don’t have relevant experience, administering loans to small enterprises. Instead, I propose the following. These businesses should be able to go to their own banks, take out a much bigger loan than under normal circumstances or refinance existing loans at a very low interest which the GoC then ensures hundred percent. Banks (which we know are highly liquid) could immediately extend the loan with a government guarantee. The loan would be for a long time and it would enable businesses to lower operating costs, to pay employees and bills and make investment possible. Businesses won’t be starved for cash after two or three months. If we allow small businesses to fail en masse, the damage will spread quickly throughout the economy. They won’t be able to pay their debts which will cause banks to suffer catastrophic losses. In that scenario nobody would want to lend anybody money.

The GoC has put the economy into an artificial coma to save lives. Now it must keep the patient alive. The question is whether we can sustain the recovery after the stimulus measures come to an end. According to ordinary economics, weak economic structures will make it less likely that any stimulus package will enable smooth riding once the economic lights are switched on again. Let’s be honest, even before covid 19 Curaçao’s economy was struggling. Mainly because we’ve failed over the past three decades to implement a structural package of policies to modernize our economic fundaments and make them more flexible in order to maximize the huge potentials of global trade. We need to address these issues pronto and for real this time.

For the time being we need to realize that there’s no such thing as an ordinary economy until covid 19 is contained via physical distancing and simple hygiene. But if we can’t contain the virus, we might not have anything normal to return to. The stimulus is an important emergency measure, but without real changes, our economic performance won’t be improved.

Willemstad, Curaçao

The author is scheduled to join a regional project to revamp the economies of some small Pacific islands in light of Covid 19 and tycoon Harold.

http://www.alexdavidrosaria.blog