Votamentu: froude ku volmacht

Volmacht ta bata hasi posibel pa un hende ku derechi di voto ku no por (ta presente pa) vota riba dia di elekshon, pidi un otro persona ku tambe tin derechi di voto, vota p’e. Tur dos mester firma e dokumento, volmacht.

Volmacht a keda usá promé biaha den elekshon di Staten di 17 novèmber 1941. Pa haña un volmacht bo mester por a proba ku ora di elekshon bo no ta riba bo isla kaminda bo ta vota i ku bo ta ousente pa no mas ku 6 dia. Den e promé añanan e kondishonnan pa un volmacht tabata transparente i stràk, ademas kada petishon pa un volmacht tabata keda investigá profundamente pa Registro Sivíl.

Gradualmente partidonan a trese kambionan ku a hasi hinter e sistema di volmacht un gol hanchu habrí pa tur tipo di kos robes. Por a pidi pa un volmacht pa motibu di malesa ku mester a keda firmá un luna promé ku elekshon. Segun sifranan di Kranshi, 6 mil hende na Kòrsou (10% di elektorado) tabata “sa” di antemano ku nan lo ta malu riba fecha di elekshon (19 mei 1967) i a pidi un volmacht.

Boneiru a konosé un elekshon kaminda e kantidat di volmacht tabata 15% di e elektorado! E korant Algemeen Handelsblad di 19 yanüari 1967 a raportá ku na Aruba tabatin algun shen deklarashon di malesa ku tabata firmá pa e mesun médiko. Asta yunan di tera bibá na Hulanda pa hopi aña tabata risibí volmacht pa nan vota (mientras nan no ta parti di elektorado) segun Kontakto Antiyano, un plataforma pa yunan di tera na Hulanda.

Partidonan na mando semper a probechá mas di volmacht ya ku tabatin mas kos di parti. Na komienso di e sistema di volmacht, normalmente ta e kasá òf famia serkano di esun ousente òf malu por a keda apoderá, pero a kita e rekesito aki. Tampoko tabatin mester di un deklarashon médiko den kaso di malesa.

Na 1967 tabatin 6,031 volmacht di kua 3,788 di aktivistanan di DP i 2,074 di esnan di NVP. E korant Amigoe di 14 aprel 1971 ta raportá benta di volmacht na marinirnan Hulandes pa “Naf 5,- i un kaha di chukulati”. 

E dos partidonan tradishonal semper a akusá e otro di ta mas korupto, pero tur dos a probechá

E preshon tòg na un momento dado a bira di tal forma ku Konseho Insular (KI) den un reunion tumultoso den febrüari 1967 a eliminá volmacht. Miembronan ku a vota pa kita volmacht mester a tende un la di zundrá serka nan hefe i spònsernan. Na mart 1967 e mesun KI ta reestablesé volmacht. 

E fiesta di volmacht a sigi te na 1977 na momentu ku Staten ta kita e posibilidat di volmacht pero ta laga na keda teritorio pa kit’é òf no. A dura te 1982 pa nos isla eliminá volmacht definitivamente. Ku esaki benta i kompra di voto den su bachi bieu a pasa pa olvido i a kontinuá den otro forma modèrnu.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

Covid: the mortal danger of conspiracy theories

In her last Year End’s address, German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned against the growing minority of people who believe in conspiracy theories. “Conspiracy theories aren’t only dangerous and untrue, they’re also [..] cruel..”

What’s worse, these conspiracies result in undesirable human costs and death. Look at the pizza gate, the 5G phone mast conspiracy, the persecution of albino people, Jews, Muslims, Roma people, just to name a few.

Equally disturbing are the conspiracies linked to the covid-19 virus. These have led to millions to stage rallies and protests against mask-wearing, social restrictions and even the very existence of the virus. I wonder how many millions have died or suffered as a direct result of these conspiracies.

We’re not immune here from these unproven and irrational utterances. Just take a look at social media. I don’t think I’am exaggerating when I say that these groups continue to wreak havoc, precisely now that a vaccine has been made available. Now it’s contended that the vaccine contains “stuff” meant to control people and their thoughts. Funny that these people are afraid of being brainwashed by Zionists and the lizard people via a scientifically-developed vaccin, except, but don’t care being brainwashed by anti-vaxxers or covid-deniers.

Why should we care? It’s been shown, scientifically and independently, that if a large enough percentage doesn’t take the vaccine, covid-19 will linger on.

Next month vaccination will start in Curaçao. So far Fòrti seems to have concentrated on the logistics only of this operation. I however urge competent authorities not to underestimate the power of these conspirationists. It won’t be easy to change their opinions and shouldn’t call them crazy. Encouraging critical thinking -the ability to analyze information objectively and make a reasoned judgement- may be the best solution. Then again, we’ve not been exactly brought up to do this. Too many school curricula, religions and parents prefer to tell us “the truth” without explanation or allowing space for critical thoughts.

Willemstad, Curacao

The injustice of White and Christian privilege

A stark and disgusting contrast. An army of agents armed to the teeth using violent tactics to protect the US Capitol last summer against Black Lives Matter protests. The (predominantly) white terrorists who stormed the same building last week were met by ‘overwhelmed’ authorities who practically stood down while the tugs wreaked havoc. It took two fecking hours for order to be established. As a colored man who used to live in the US no explaination is needed. It’s White Privilege.

In light of this atrocious terrorist attack we’ve so far failed to talk about another privilege: Christian Privilege. According to the FBI and 382 agencies: “Christian white supremacists are the greatest threat to America”. Yet, did the media mention that a large numbers of these thugs belong to Christian terrorist groups? Would the media had stayed equally silent had the attack been perpetuated by Muslims?

Whilst we’ve been programmed to equate terrorism with Islam, we’ve conveniently ignored Christian terrorists. Remember Eric Rudolph, better known as the Olympic Park bomber? Did you know he was a bible-wielding Christian supremacist? If he were a Muslim the whole world would’ve known his religious beliefs.

Did you know that the KKK, Anti-balaka, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), the Sword and the Arm of the Lord, the Phineas Priesthood are violent Christian terrorist groups? The LRA which wants to establish a theocratic society based on the Ten Commandments, has murdered 2,400 civilians, abducted 3,400 and displaced 400,000 in Central Africa. While it’s expected of every muslim to ask for forgiveness for every attack by Muslim terrorists, the same isn’t true when Christian terrorists commit similar acts.

I’m convinced that Christian terrorists don’t represent all of the Christian faith or Christians. Nether do Muslim terrorists represent all of Muslims or Islam. Yet the rules are different for non-Christians.

A privilige is per definition an unearned advantage that those who benefit are least likely to notice. What’s worse, privilege whether based on race, sex or religion leaves racism, power and injustice untouched.

Willemstad, Curaçao

Lès di Boneiru

Riba 29 yanüari 2011, riba petishon di Partido Demokrat Boneriano, mi a tira un diskurso* na Eddy’s Bar and Restaurant riba struktura estatal. Tabata mi terser diskurso ya ku for di 2004 mi a papia di UPG (integrashon den EU) ku e tempu ei tabata e sabor di dia di algun polítiko ku despues a bira ‘Direkte banden met Nederland’ pa finalmente resultá den “Openbaar Lichaam” òf “integratie in het Nederlandse Staatsbestel”. Pa ami, un “witgewassen annexatie”.

Mi a atvertí Boneiru -i esaki ta konta pa tur ku ta propagandá struktura estatal komo e píldora mágiko- kon peligroso ta pa presentá pueblo ku espektativaman irealístiko, prinsipalmente e ‘voorzieningsniveau’ ku ta konta den e pais(nan) na kua bo ke bai pertenesé. Nunka ta papia di e debernan i tampoko por produsí palabrashonnan firme hasí ku loke ta primintí ta loke ta haña ora bo keda aneksá. Ta bende pueblo ‘gebakken lucht’.

Algun sita di mi diskurso: “Lo tin mas plaka, mas betòn na Boneiru, pero kon esaki lo ta repartí? E Boneriano lo sigi sinti su mes na kas òf komo un estranhero? Kon lo atendé ku ‘gelijkheidsbeginsel’ primintí, kuantu influensia e Boneriano tin riba su mes bida? Identidat i e alma di e pueblo lo bai pèrdí? Esaki tabata mi opservashonnan 5 aña promé ku Evaluatiecommissie van de nieuwe staatkundige structuur Caribisch Nederland a kritiká e proseso di integrashon estilo munisipio.

“Nos mester realisá ku no tin un ‘easy way out’ pa yega na bienestar i otro pais no por desaroyá bo. Plaka so no ta desaroyo”, mi a konkluí ilustrando esaki ku ehèmpelnan den mundu basá riba mi èksperensia ku Nashonnan Uní. Desaroyo ta mará na kalidat i transparensia di nos strukturanan demokrátiko i hende kapasitá i íntegro pa manehá. Nos no a kumpli ku e meta aki, pero mester hasi’é.

Awe ku plaka brutu, ke kombensé nos ku integrashon den Hulanda/EU lo hasi nos felis i hisa kalidat di bida. No ta menshoná debernan, ni palabrashonnan hasí ku Hulanda/EU, ni pèrspèktiva ku lokual ta primintí lo bira realidat. I si bo mira bon, esnan ku ta bende nos e soño di munisipio tampoko sa kiko hasi pa drecha nos lugá. Nan ta simplemente un ‘salesperson’, un ‘tussenpersoon’ kla pa entregá nos den man di otro pais pa esaki hasi e trabou. Ban siña di Boneiru.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

*Boneiru: Respice, Adspice, Prospice

The US isn’t the only game in town anymore in our region: Can Biden win back hearts?

In less than three months after Mr. Biden is inaugurated, the US will host the Ninth Summit of the Americas from 11-14 April. The Summit takes place once every three years and brings together all leaders of North, Central, South America and the Caribbean. The stakes are high and all eyes are set on Mr. Biden who as Vice President (2009-2017) visited the region 16 times and Mrs. Kamala Harris who is of Jamaican descent. Whilst many in the region are hopeful, this certainly will not be enough. The region needs to trust Washington again after a period of disengagement.

Perhaps most importantly is the fact that China has deepened its relationship with Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and not just with the socialist administrations. Recently Trinidad & Tobago became the first Caribbean country to sign on to China’s Belt and Road Initiative. Others will soon follow. China has also been successful to convince LAC countries (Dominican Republic, Panamá and El Salvador) to switch recognition from Taiwan to Beijing. Through its wallet diplomacy, many infrastructure projects have been funded in LAC (via among others the China-LAC Cooperation Fund). But, it’s not only about cash. China has promised to help the region address climate change, which according to many is a matter of survival for many island-nations.

The question remains if Mr. Biden will be able to win back hearts in LAC. Will he engage in a meaningful relationship based on mutual respect? Does he promise free trade with this region, even though democrats are traditionally more protectionist? China’s President in his Year’s End Message pledged to continue pushing for free markets and global economic expansion as China celebrates this year the 100th anniversary of the almighty Chinese Communist Party.

Many LAC countries are cautiously optimistic. But, one thing is certain: The US is not the only game in town anymore.

Willemstad, Curaçao

Kon diferente nos promé elekshon tabata kompará ku awe?

Konforme Kiesreglement ya a start e proseso pa na mart 2021 pa di 41 biaha1, nos skohe nos representantenan. Nos Kiesreglement a keda kambiá na numeroso okashon for di e promé ku ta data di 1937: Het Curaçaosch Kiesreglement ku tabata úniko for di tur otro.

Despues di un lucha tenás, riba 1 aprel 1937 nos pais pa promé biaha a haña e derechi pa vota pa 10 miembro di Staten (6 pa Kòrsou, 2 pa Aruba, 1 pa Boneiru i 1 pa Islanan Ariba) di e total di 15 miembronan. Sobrá 5 tabata apuntá pa Gobernadó. No ta tur hende por a vota, pero e logro ta signifikante pasombra Hulanda a duna Sürnam e derechi aki for di 1864. Nos mester a warda mas ku 7 dékada despues pasombra segun Hulanda nos no tabata sufisiente ‘madurá’.

E prinsipal aktornan ku a hiba e lucha pa kambia e ‘historische onrecht’ aki tabata Généreux Jacob Richard de Lima (for di 1869), Abraham Mendez Chumaceiro (for di 1895) i Moises Frumencio da Costa Gomez (for di 1935). Den nan kaminda nan a topa resistensia di Hulanda, di e élite blanku, e.o. Johannes J. Hamelberg ku a bisa ku derechi di voto amplio lo kondusí na kanibalismo i relashon entre hende ku bestia. Tampoko iglesia katóliko, prinsipalmente e religiosonan Radulphus i Möhlmann, tabata di akuerdo pa derechi di voto muchu amplio i rápido.

Het Curaçaosch Kiesreglement 1937 ta bira realidat i drenta na vigor riba 1 aprel 1937. Un triúmfo pa demokrasia i outonomia. E promé elekshon pa Staten a tuma lugá riba 20 di desèmber 1937.

Ta interesante pa repasá algun aspekto di e Kiesreglement 1937.

Pa vota bo mester tabata hòmber, residensiá na Kòrsou, di nashonalidat Hulandes, mayó di 25 aña, ku un entrada anual mínimo di f 1,200.-, sin debe di belasting i minimal 7 aña di enseñansa UitgebreidLlager Onderwijs. Den kaso ku e persona tabatin e añanan di enseñansa rekerí pero tabatin duda serka e Verkiezingsbureau di su kapasidat intelektual, e mester a pasa un tèst di ‘verstandelijke ontwikkeling’ serka un komishon instituí pa Gobernadó i enkabesá pa e Inspektor di Enseñansa. Hende muhé no por a vota, pero e por tabata kandidato i aparesé riba e ‘stembiljet’ (i bira miembro di Staten). Kandidatonan mester a kumpli ku mesun rekesitonan èksistente p’e votadó.

E Kiesreglement 1937 no tabata konosé sistema di partido (ounke ku nan tabata eksistí) pero di kandidato. Riba e ‘stembiljet’ e kandidatonan tabata registrá alfabétikamente sin hasi menshon di nan afiliashon na partido.

Na Kòrsou kada votadó por a vota pa un máksimo di 6 kandidato. Esun faborito ta haña e number 1 tras di su nòmber; e di dos faborito number 2 i asina te un máksimo di 6. Na Aruba por a vota pa un máksimo pa 2 kandidato. Na Boneiru i Islanan Ariba, por a vota pa un (1) kandidato so. Den kaso di Boneiru i Islanan Ariba, si un kandidato no a haña e mayoria di voto, mester a bin un votashon nobo denter di no mas ku tres siman despues di e promé votashon.

E rekesitonan estrikto tabatin komo resultado ku solamente 40% di e 2,035 hendenan eligibel na Kòrsou pa vota tabata hendenan nasé na Kòrsou (i mayoritariamente katóliko). Sobrá tabata hendenan ku nashonalidat Hulandes (den nan mayoria no-katóliko) ku no a nase aki. E korant Amigoe di Curaçao a bisa despues di publikashon di e Kiesreglement ku ta manera ku a hasi e Kiesreglement asina kompliká pa e elekshon frakasá. E mesun korant (15 di òktober 1937) ta bisa ku e Kiesreglement a keda trahá “kontra di Yu di Kòrsou” i na fabor di otronan”. E Kiesreglement a kontribuí na mas divishon di religion (i klase) na Kòrsou i e bataya na hopi okashon tabata keda hibá den e korant pro-katóliko, Amigoe di Curaçao i Beurs -en Nieuwsberichten ku tabata sostené e banda no-katóliko.

Asina e Staten a sinta na 1938, mr. dr. Moises Frumensio da Costa Gomez a kuminsá traha pa trese kambio den e Kiesreglement. Pues e Kiesreglement 1937 a sirbi komo lei pa solamente un (1) elekshon. Un Kiesreglement fasinante, imperfekto, pero ku a koroná un gran lucha hibá pa nos tatanan di demokrasia.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

Fuente: Archivo Nashonal (Kiesreglemente 1937)

1Tur elekshon riba nos isla (Staten Antia, Staten Kòrsou i Konseho Insular)

Nos bisiña Barbados ta dal un paso mas di emansipashon

E aña aki nos bisiña Barbados ta dal un paso importante den su proseso di emansipashon polítiko. Despues di 54 aña di independensia Barbados ta bira un repúblika en bes di e situashon aktual, esta ku ta e Reina Britániko ta su Hefe di Estado. Pues, Barbados lo haña un Presidente. Esaki lo tuma lugá na novèmber 2021, fecha riba kual e isla lo kumpli 55 aña di independensia.

Hopi pais den Karibe ku a logra nan independensia di Gran Britania den pasado a keda mantené Reina komo Hefe di Estado. Asina aki Barbados lo djòin mas isla Karibense ku ya a kibra ku e monarkia Britániko: Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana i Dominica.

E rason prinsipal ku Barbados a tuma e paso aki ta ku nan ta haña ku komo pais nan a demostrá di a manehá nan independensia na un manera satisfaktorio i ku nan mes mester asumí e responsabilidat di hefe di estado. Hinter pueblo ta tras di e desishon aki.

Remarkabel ta ku Barbados tabata riba e lista di Nashonnan Uní di paisnan no-independiente (List of former Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories) te 1966. Nos, foi 1955 kaba no tabata riba e lista aki pasombra nos tabata “asina leu kaba riba kaminda di outonomia” i por a kombensé hefatura di Nashonnan Uní di esaki.

Sinembargo nos no a sa di manehá nos outonomia na drechi i p’esei nos no a sa di kombensé pueblo i krea konfiansa ku nos mes por asumí (mas) responsabilidat. Kòrsou un tempu tabata kana dilanti, e tabata pionero den e proseso di emansipashon polítiko den nos region danki na e.o. mr. dr. Moises da Costa Gomez. Awe e proseso aki ta “den reverse”. Den un diskursou riba 17 di ougùstùs 2007 na Ref, mi a atvertí ku outonomia, manera un flor bunita, mester keda kuidá diariamente, sino e ta muri.

Mi ta deseá tur hende un Bon Aña, spesialmente mi lesadónan den mas ku 160 pais.

Willemstad, Kòrsou

With 2020 almost gone, no smooth sailing in 2021

Ask Siri the following: “Hey Siri, how long until 2020 ends?” The answer you get is: “December 29th”. Try it if you don’t believe me. Is Siri that fed up with the year 2020 that it wants it to end ahead of time? Who knows, but Apple has confirmed that a glitch with the IOS has led to a ‘confused’ Siri.

Whilst not many will shed a single tear for 2020, we are however starting 2021 with a lot of unfinished business, here and globally.

The agenda from January to March and possible until May here will be dominated by the Parliamentary election which could see a record number of participating parties (the record currently stands at 14) leading to more confusion and devision. Will yet another referendum be scheduled (even though we don’t have a referendum law) to change our constitutional status and relationship with The Netherlands? Will we finally find another operator for our outdated oil refinery? Will the Caribbean Entity for Reform and Development (COHO) become a success? Will the mechanisms for development and capacity building be in place or will it become the latest ‘The Hague-show’? Barring intervention by religious zealots will 2021 be the year of medicinal cannabis? Most importantly, will this project benefits more than a very small powerful group (the usual suspects) on the island? And yes, the USD 64,000 question (which was left unanswered in 2018, 2019 and 2020) is whether the 1,000 hungry cows are finally going to arrive from Colombia so we can fatten them?

Will the covid vaccines lead to some kind of normalcy and alleviation of tough economic times or will the anti-vaxxers among others, slowdown the recovery? And then there is everything else -the situation in Venezuela, the new US policy towards the Caribbean, oil prices, Brexit and its consequences for the region, the New Cold War, the assortment of tensions in North Africa, Central Asia, the Horn of Africa, just to mention a few.

Clearly, the end of 2020 (whether its on the 29th or 31st) doesn’t forecast smooth sailing in 2021.

Willemstad, Curaçao

Mandatarionan, ban produsí informashon na Ingles

For di tempu mi tabata den Fòrti i después den Staten, mi tabata sòru pa skibi komunikado na Ingles i manda esaki pa agensianan di notisia, prinsipalmente esnan di Karibe. I na masha hopi okashon mi artíkulonan tabata sali den korantnan di Dominica, Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua i tambe Sint Maarten. E bentaha di hasi esaki ta ku bo por saka loke ta importante segun bo. No un notisia ku ta keda filtrá pa otronan.

Nos no ta skibi na Ingles, loke ta lamentabel. Mi ta spera ku mi mensahe lo yega e biaha aki i stimulá pa nos produsí nos notisianan na Ingles tambe. Kere mi, hende pafó di nos fronteranan ta interesá pa sa kiko interesante ta pasa aki, prinsipalmente ora ta trata di maneho. Realidat ta ku e gran mayoria di loke nos produsí ta na Papiamentu i Hulandes. Dos idioma ku no tin un alkanse internashonal.

E blog aki tin lesadó di 160 pais/teritorio. Pues tin interes. Laga nos pensa i aktua mas internashonal. Mundu no ta drei rondó di e 444 km kuadrá aki.

Willemstad, Korsou

Mensahe di fin di aña: e historia di un maestro, su disípulo i un muhé

Kasi 2,500 aña pasá un maestro budista tabata kana huntu ku su disipulo den e region di Himayala. Ora nan a yega na un riu no profundo, pero ku un koriente fuerte, nan a mira un muhé ku miedu pa krusa bai e otro banda. E disípulo a kana pasa e muhé i i sin drei wak, rápidamente a krusa. E maestro a hisa e muhé i ku bastante difikultat a logra yega e otro banda. E muhé tabata gradesido i a kontinuá su kaminda. Mientras e maestro tabata kue rosea despues di e kruse, e a ripará ku su disípulo, silensioso, tabata wak’e ku menospresio. Nan a kontinuá nan kaminda i despues di mas ku 4 ora e disípulo no por a wanta mas i a èksplota puntrando: “Maestro, bo ta na altura ku ta prohibí pa mishi ku hende muhé?”. E maestro a kontesta: “Mi sa. T’ami mes a siñabo. Mi a kibra ku regla pa skapa e muhé su bida. Pero mi yu, ta 4 ora pasá ku mi a baha e muhé for di mi lomba. Dikon abo ta sigi karga su peso riba bo lomba”.

E historia ta un rekordatorio pa no keda pegá den pasado i sigi karga e peso di loke a pasa kaba i ku bo no por kambia. Saka lès di pasado pero no lag’é strobabo di biba bo bida i alkansá bo potensial.

Felis dianan di fiesta i kambio di aña.

Willemstad, Kòrsou